A stone found in 1996 is puzzling researchers to this present day. Named after the traditional feminine thinker, Hypatia of Alexandria, the stone has been the topic of intense debate primarily as a result of its composition isn’t of this world. A latest evaluation of the Hypatia stone revealed that the alien rock didn’t originate from any identified comet or meteorite. Extra so, the diamond stone incorporates sure compounds that predate even the Solar itself.
Researchers first found the Hypatia stone within the Libyan Desert Glass Area in Egypt, and former analyses of the pebble confirmed micromineral compounds that aren’t current anyplace on the planet. Not solely that, however its composition couldn’t be traced to any spot within the photo voltaic system as nicely.
In keeping with a brand new research revealed within the journal, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, the cosmic rock doesn’t comprise silicate minerals, the most typical of Earth’s components. The paper additionally found that the Hypatia stone incorporates silicon carbide, silver iodine phosphide, in addition to a compound composed of nickel and phosphorous. This composition is so peculiar, that no different beforehand found alien supplies have been discovered to comprise this mineral make-up.
Whereas researchers consider the Hypatia stone to have shaped after the photo voltaic system, its options have been discovered to be older than the Solar.
The latest discovery provides a brand new layer of thriller to the formation of our photo voltaic in addition to how the Hypatia stone got here to be.
Jan Kramers, a professor on the College of Johannesburg and lead writer of the research, identified the rock’s lack of silicate minerals, saying that silicates are predominantly present in chondritic meteorites. These compound are believed to be the oldest and most primitive supplies within the photo voltaic system.
“An absence of silicate matter units the stone other than interplanetary mud particles and identified cometary supplies,” notes Professor Kramers.
The writer and his group assume that the cosmic pebble shaped in a chilly atmosphere, at temperatures beneath that of liquid nitrogen. Thus, they consider that the Hypatia Stone was shaped additional out in house, between Mars and Jupiter. Nonetheless, that is solely an assumption because the stone nonetheless holds much more mysteries that would make clear the formation of our photo voltaic system.
Picture Supply: Nasa